These pages are now superceded by the most recent guide to the languages of Vanuatu:

John Lynch and Terry Crowley 2001 Languages of Vanuatu : a new survey and bibliography Canberra : Pacific Linguistics, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, The Australian National University.

An annotated bibliography of Vanuatu languages, by John Lynch

This work is based on John Lynch's 1994 work, referenced below.

References to each of the languages are cited here by island name. Click on an island name to see which languages are spoken there.

Map of Vanuatu

General work on languages of Vanuatu is listed separately.

Work related to Bislama (the variety of Melanesian Pidgin spoken throughout Vanuatu) is listed separately.

Languages of Ambae
Languages of Ambrym
Languages of Aneityum
Languages of Banks
Languages of Efate
Languages of Epi
Languages of Erromango
Languages of Futuna and Aniwa
Languages of Maewo
Languages of Malakula
Languages of Paama
Languages of Pentecost
Languages of Santo
Languages of Shepherds
Languages of Tanna
Languages of Torres

This is an HTML version of selections from a book written by John Lynch and produced in 1994 by the Pacific Information Centre and University of the South Pacific Library in Suva, Fiji. It is intended to give some very general information about work done on languages of Vanuatu. Note that for a number of languages of Vanuatu there has been no significant work done.

Lynch, John 1994 An annotated bibliography of Vanuatu languages Suva, Fiji:Pacific Information Centre and University of the South Pacific Library.
ISBN: 982-01-0227-8

Copyright © Pacific Information Centre and University of the South Pacific Library. The maps and images are digitised versions (in MapInfo format) of the map of Vanuatu produced in Wurm, S.A. and Hatori Shiro (1981) Language Atlas of the Pacific Area, Canberra, Australian Academy of the Humanities, and are copyright © Nick Thieberger.

HTML version first produced in January 1996 for the Vanuatu Cultural Centre (and the site that was then at this URL (but no longer is): HTTP://

This site is now maintained by at the Melbourne University Department of Linguistics and Applied Linguistics.

First revised edition June 1999.